Apelles' once very famous pamtmg which shows Alexander with the chained demon of war is not only evidence of the fact that the victor in many battles, who matured early in life, aimed at higher things than the conquest of the Persian Empire: he wished to establish a new state of uni- versal peace in the o1xOUfLEY1l incorporated in a homogeneous empire based upon Greek culture. One can only satisfactorily understand events such as Alexander's disagreements with his army because of his policy of recon- ciliation, his political decrees concerning the Greek states etc., when one looks at it from this point of view. The contemporary reliefs of the so-called "Alexander sarcophagus" from Sidon give an impressive illustration of the change from war to peaceful cooperation between the Orient and the Occident. VTerolrentlichungen der Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Forschung des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen jetzt der Rheinisch-Westfalischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Neuerscheinungen 1965 bis 1973 Vorlriige G GEISTESWISSENSCHAFTEN HiftNr.
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