Excerpt from Travels Through France and Italy, and Part of Austrian, French, and Dutch Netherlands, During the Years 1745 and 1746
Calais, so called from the Calites, the people who inha bited this part in Caesar's time, is a small, but populous, and tolerable trading town. B... eing conquered by our heroic Ed ward III. It remained in the hands of the English 200 years, till te-taken under Qieen Mary. Yet it shows no monu ments of its former masters except its parish-church, built by our ancestors: It is impregnable. The river Hames fills its moats, and makes the country very marshy as far as Cuishes, a burgh two leagues off. The town has a double great moat, regular fortifications, a great many strong forts round, and only one gate to the land, not to be approached but by a cause way over the marsh, called the bridge of Nieullay. It is e qually strong to the sea; its port is double; the great port, and that of Cadegray, the first defended by two moles, and both by the Risban, a strong fortress, preventing any ap proaching so near as to be able to bombard it. This part of Lower Picardy is called Pair reconquis, since France recovered it from the English. Here are many wells which ebb and ¿ow with the sea, occasioned by subterraneous communica tions. There are also springs of fresh water on the coast. The irregularities of some in their ¿owing depend on hidden siphons in their natural conduits under the earth.
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