Excerpt from Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society, 1891, Vol. 9
All printed and illustrated contributions to this parti culat branch of antiquarian study become increasingly valuable because, as time runs on, Specimens disappear and are cast aside d... uring Church restorations as worthless, or removed into parsonages, from whence they commonly find their way into dust middens, whilst others are carried oil as trophies by wandering and ill-advised tourists. Few expeditions are attended with greater discourage ment than such as are made in quest Of these ancient tiles, said by writers to be found in sundry localities, whose information dates back but a few years. When not judiciously fixed in their original localities, museums are their proper abiding-places.
Encaustic tiles were of two kinds, irrespective Of their being compounded Of two varieties Of clay, or Of one only. The designs were either painted on a smoothed surface with pen and brush, and afterwards baked in and glazed, in which case they were described as painted tiles (tegulee bietee), or else the design was stamped into or on to a moist Clay surface, when they came to be known' as encaustic or burnt-in tiles, with patterns filled in or not with pipeclay, or with the same raised above the ground in relief. Painted tiles, from their more perishable Character, are now rarely met with, but an interesting example Of this art may be seen in the Oxford University Museum Of fifteenth century date.
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