Excerpt from Toiling and Tilling the Soil
The time of plowing is short and requires quick work. Horses cannot be worked more than ten hours per day. They must be rested and fed, while the engine with a headlight can be operated twenty~four hours per day.
These advant... ages, together with the fact that the thermal efficiency of the Dig/.55 almost equals that of nature's great prime mover, the horse, enable us to compete with the animal and to do its work for from one-half to one-third the former cost.
James Watt perfected his steam engine in 1765. We must think back but 140 odd years to realize what a revolution he brought about - there is the railroad forming a regular network over the face of the country, connecting cities, states and nations, facilitating transportation of products from city to city, state to state and nation to nation. There is the modern city with its factories that furnish employment and living for millions of workers. The steam engine has changed our lives from their very foundations up and in those countries where it is used it has increased the population itself five and six fold.
Before Stephenson, transportation was carried on by the use of horses on country roads. He harnessed steam and made it dothat work, and a network of railroads has grown that today it nearly encircles the earth.
Robert Fulton made the steam engine available for water transportation. Today we pass from New York to Europe in five days, and the nations have been linked together and unified in thought by steam - driven water commerce.
Oil is the most abundant and easily portable of all liquid fuels. Man's greatest power is that of turning the face of the whole earth once each year by the plow. The building of an oil burning engine to do the work of plowing in this, the rooth year after the first steamboat, is a feat that will mean as much, possibly more than the inventions of Stephenson and Fulton.
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