Excerpt from The Vedanta-Sutras, With the Sri-Bhashya of Ramanujacharya, Vol. 1: Translated Into English
In the Introduction to his Vedantadzpa Rame'inuja summarises the teachings of the Vedanta to the following effect - Of the three ultimate entities known to philosophy, the... intelligent individual soul is essentially different from non-intelligent matter and God, who forms the Supreme Soul of the universe, is absolutely different from the indi vidual soul. The essential differences thus existing between matter, soul and God are intrinsic and natural. God, who is the same as the Supreme Brahman, is the cause of the universe; and the universe, which is made up of matter and soul, is the effect produced by Him. Matter and soul form the body of God and this body is capable of exist ing in a subtle as well as in a gross condition. God with his subtle body constitutes the universe in its causal condi tion and with His gross body He forms the created universe itself. The individual soul enters into matter and thereby makes it live; and similarly God enters into matter and soul and gives them their powers and their peculiar characters. The universe without God is exactly analogous to matter without soul and in the world as we know it, all things are what they are, because God has penetrated into them and rules and guides them all from within, so much so that all things are representative of Him and all words denote Him in the main.
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