Excerpt from The Union Army, Vol. 8: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States, 1861-65, Records of the Regiments in the Union Army, Cyclopedia of Battles, Memoirs of Commanders and Soldiers; Biographical
Anderson, Robert, brigadier-general, was born near Louisville, ... Ky., at a place called Soldier's Retreat, June 14, 1805. In 1825 he was graduated at West Point and received a commission as second lieutenant in the 3d artillery. During the Black Hawk war, in 1832, he served as colonel Of the Illinois volunteers, and after that, from 1835 to 1837, acted as instructor in artillery at West Point. He was brevetted captain for services in the Florida war, then was for a time attached to the staff Of Gen. Scott as assistant adjutant-general, and in 1841 was promoted to captain. He also served in the Mexican war, and was severely wounded in the battle Of Molino del Rey. In 1857 he was appointed major of the Ist ar tillery, and in 1860 assumed command Of the troops in Charleston harbor, with headquarters at Fort Moultrie. Owing to threatened assaults, Maj. Anderson withdrew his command, on the night Of Dec. 26, 1860, to Fort Sumter, where he remained until forced to evacuate, on April 14, 1861, after a bombardment of thirty-six hours, to which he replied until forced by the disabling Of his guns to yield. In recognition Of his services at Fort Sumter he was appointed by President Lincoln brigadier - general in the U. S. Army, and was assigned to command the Department Of Kentucky, being subsequently transferred to that Of the Cumberland. On account Of failing health he was relieved from duty in Oct., 1861, and was retired from active service on Oct. 27, 1863. On Feb. 3, 1865, he was brevetted major - general, U. S. A. In 1869 he sailed for Europe in. Search Of health, and died there, at Nice, France, Oct. 27, 1871. He was the translator from the French Of Instruc tions for Field Artillery, Horse and Foot, and Evolutions Of Field Batteries. TO his personal efforts credit is due for the orig inal steps in the organization Of the Soldiers' home in Washington, which has since then Sheltered many thousands Of Civil war vet erans.
Andrews, Christopher C., brigadier-general, was born in Hills boro, N. H., Oct. 27, 1829. As a boy he worked on his father's farm, attending school during the winter months, and in 1843 went to Boston. He later attended Francestown academy, and studied law after that in Cambridge, being admitted to the bar in 1850. After practicing two years in Newton he moved to Boston, but removed later to Kansas, and thence to Washington to further the interests Of Kansas before congress. He spent two years in Wash ington, being employed as a departmental clerk, then moved to St. Cloud, Minn, where, in 1859, he was elected state senator. He supported Douglas in the campaign Of 1860, and in 1861 assisted in bringing out the Minnesota Union, a publication supporting the administration. Soon after the outbreak Of the Civil war he en listed as a private, but was soon commissioned captain in the 3d Minn. Infantry. In a fight near Murfreesboro he was surrendered.
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