The influence of acute and chronic stress on the gene expression of the clock genes hPER1 and hPER2

- Abbruzesse, E: Influence of acute and chronic stress on the

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The influence of acute and chronic stress on the gene expression of the clock genes hPER1 and hPER2
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Format:
Bog, paperback
Udgivelsesdato:
04-10-2011
Sprog:
Engelsk
Sidetal:
118
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Various health problems are associated with the disruption of circadian rhythms. In particular,

psychological disturbances often show disrupted sleep-wake cycles as a symptom,

suggesting a relation between a disrupted circadian clock and mental health problems such

as affective disorders, schizophrenia and addictive disorders. The mentioned vital clockwork

is sustained by specific circadian oscillatory expression of clock genes - which control

themselves via transcriptional/translational feedback loops - and influences behavioural,

biochemical and physiological circadian rhythms. Increasing evidence suggests an

interaction of these so-called clock genes and glucocorticoids. For this reason, we were

interested in the question of whether the cortisol response after awakening is associated with

the gene expression of the clock genes hPER1 and hPER2, in particular hPER1, given that

its DNA sequence disposes of a glucocorticoid-responsive element and is therefore most

likely influenced by glucocorticoids.

Data 1: We investigated thirty-one healthy men aged 20-30 combining microbiological and

psychometric methods. We measured the amount of mRNA of hPER1 and hPER2 on two

consecutive mornings as well as twelve hours later in the evenings of the same days. To

measure the increase of cortisol after awakening, we sampled cortisol levels immediately

after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after awakening on both mornings. Additionally,

subjects filled in questionnaires to assess their level of chronic stress. We found an

association between the gene expression of hPER1 and age as well as the increase of

cortisol in the morning, whereas the gene expression of hPER2 seems to be associated

primarily with age and levels of chronic stress.

Data 2: Furthermore, since numerous mental health problems are associated with a

disruption of the sleep-wake cycle, a disturbance of the circadian clock on a molecular level

seems likely. Simultaneously, psychosocial stress is considered as a major factor in the

etiology of several mental health problems. For this reason, we aimed to investigate the

putative cortisol-mediated influence of acute and chronic psychosocial stress on the gene

expression of hPER1 in thirty-one healthy men. Our findings suggest that firstly, acute

psychosocial stress influences the expression of hPER1, and secondly, chronic stress

involves heightened gene expression of hPER1.

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Udgivelsesdato:
04-10-2011
ISBN13:
9783869558691
Vægt:
164 g
Dybde:
6 mm
Bredde:
148 mm
Højde:
210 mm
Format:
Paperback
Forfattere

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