Excerpt from The History of Philosophy From Thales to Comte, Vol. 2 of 2: Modern Philosophy
Noient philosophy reigned for about years before its final deposition by Theology. An interval of another years may be assigned as the Transition Period between Ancient and Modern Phil... osophy, i.e. From' the extinction of the Greek schools, in the sixth century, to the separation of Philosophy from Theology, by Bacon and Descartes, in the sixteenth.
The peculiarity of this Transition Period is the constant struggle of Reason to assert and justify her independence the claim of Philosophy to exist as a function of the human mind. Andthis claim, under varying fortunes, was made good. The struggle, long doubtful, ended in emancipation. We have seen how Philosophy, disengaging itself from Theology, successively tried to solve all the capital problems and how, failing everywhere, because the Method pursued was one which made failure inevitable, it once more, through out Christendom, relapsed under the dominion of Theology. We have now to see the inevitable disquiet of Thought.
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