Excerpt from Tell El Amarna
A remarkable feature is the number of depressions in the limestone strata, which are otherwise quite horizontal. Three such are seen: one at the mouth of the triple north valley, one two miles up Akhen aten's valley, and one at the mouth of a short... valley a mile east of Hawata. In each case the strata are level on either side, and suddenly curve down, some times with faulting, to a depth of two hundred feet or perhaps more. Such a fall can only be accounted for by the collapse of a vast cavern, worn in the limestone by the subterranean discharge of rainfall to the level of the Nile at a far lower depth than at present; and hence these point to the Nile-bed being really a deeply-faulted gorge, which is now almost filled up by deposits. I These depressions must have formed lakes, and have thus determined the drainage lines of their valleys.
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