Excerpt from Reports on the Exploration of a Cave and of Mounds in Ohio
The shelter of the overhanging rock at the Ash Cave appears to have been a very perfect one, since the ashes are very dry and appear never to have been wet. The recess opens to the east and driving storms... do not come from that quarter.
The ash-heap is about 100 feet long by about 30 feet wide, and where our trench was dug, nearly 2 feet deep, an enormous pile of ashes to be gathered in one spot.
A trench was dug upon a point a little east of the ash belt to the back wall of the shelter as shown in the diagram; little was found at first except ashes with an occasional fragment of a food bone and chip of ¿int, but as the wall-rock was approached we came upon a well defined refuse heap of bones, etc. It was a confused mass of sticks for arrows, stalks of coarse grasses, food bones in great variety, bits of pottery, ¿ints, nuts, corn-cobs, etc., etc. This layer of refuse was from 4 to 6 inches below the sur face, and covered with ashes. Below this refuse layer was the chief deposit of ashes from 1-21 to 2 feet in depth according to the inequalities of the sand ¿oor underneath. About 3 feet from the back wall of the cave and at the bottom of the ashes, we found a skeleton in a fair state of preservation, evidently that of an Indian. There were traces of bark over it to protect the body from ashes, but the bark was much decayed.
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