Excerpt from Office Practice and Business Procedure
The Filing Department of a modern business systematically preserves all correspondence and copies of business records of all kinds. Today the filing department is on an equal basis with the accounting department.
Sa... les managers and business executives who direct selling campaigns must employ some system of checking the fields covered by members of the sales force. Total returns of sales while en route, are often used for the sake of comparison. Dis tances from town to town must be known so that railroad fares may be checked up. Usually railroad maps are employed on which routes of railroads connecting towns and interurban trolley systems are indicated. The towns are classified as indus trial, agricultural, or suburban.
The age of the bound book in accounting is slowly giving way to that of the loose-leaf system and filing cards. The courts have passed upon the legality of the loose-leaf system, and it is now accepted as legal evidence in case of litigation.
The machine written ledger page, the posting of debit and credit items, and the computing of balances automatically, are much more simple than the old-fashioned hand-written ledger page.
Stamps may now be affixed to envelopes and the envelopes sealed by means of machines. When a company desires to mail two thousand or more identical pieces Of mail a special permit may be obtained from the post Office which grants per mission to send the mail without affixing postage to each in dividual piece.
Large business concerns that send out monthly state ments and other pieces of mail at first class postage rates, may have a cancelling machine similar to the one used in the post office. When employing this method they use a die which contains their permit number and an indicator which automatically records the number of pieces of mailable matter passing through the machine.
Business houses are usually divided into several principal departments, such as the administrative, sales, production, accounting, credit and purchasing, the stenographic and typing, and the filing departments.
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