Excerpt from Newman's Relation to Modernism
Such is the only rational, consistent account of faith; but so far are Protestants from professing it, that they laugh at the very notion of it. They laugh at the notion itself of men pinning their faith (as they express themselves)... upon Pope or Council; they think it simply superstitious and narrow-minded, to profess to believe just what the Church believes, and to assent to whatever she will say. In time to come on matters of doctrine. That is, they laugh at the bare notion of doing what Christians undeniably did in the time of the Apostles. Observe, they do not merely ask whether the Catholic Church has a claim to teach, has authority, has the gifts - this is a reasonable question - no, they think that the very state of mind which such a claim involves in those who admit it, namely, the disposition to accept without reserve or question, that this is slavish. They call it priestcraft to insist on this surrender of the reason, and superstition to make it.
In view of so plain a statement we do not really need to examine the reviewer's further misconception in crediting Newman with resting his Catholicism on a theory of psycho logical assent in essence identical with that now known as Modernist. The two methods of mental procedure, the Catholic and the Modernist, are mutually exclusive, so that as Newman held firmly by the former he could not have had any leanings towards the latter. Still, inasmuch as the Modernist movement has from the first appealed to Newman as its founder, and as the reviewer seems to think that it does so with substantial justice, it becomes necessary to in quire into the grounds on which this Modernist claim is based.
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