Excerpt from Milk Production Cost Accounts: Principles and Methods
The idea of pre-calculating feed costs has, as far as is known, never been suggested before. At first thought it may seem im practical. Nearly all scientific and successful practical feeders of dairy cattle, h... owever, have full confidence in the reverse of the formula recommended herein. On a basis of the re verse of the formula, or with some other standard, they com pute the feed requirements of their cows. The value of a method for pre-calculating costs is obvious. Without it milk costs are only history, and when finally computed are not applicable under changed prices of feed. The value of the method suggested herein is that by the use of it cost may be determined at any time. It is only necessary to know the kind and prices of feed. With the systems now in general use the records of milk costs merely show what the cost has been and may not apply when one feed has gone up in price and another down. The author is looking to the ideal condi tion when we shall be able to figure milk prices as accurately as the modern shop manager who, given the prices of material and labor, can figure to a fraction of a cent the cost of pro ducing certain articles. The formula used herein is based on Armsby 1 Energy Tables and Maintenance Standard, com bined with Eckles 2 Milk Standards.
The author is aware of the fact that there is some difier ence of opinion as to which feeding standard is most nearly accurate, and the standard here used may be changed slightly without seriously affecting the use of the method. Such modi fication as the user wishes to make or finds desirable may be applied with little change of formula. Even another standard or basis of food requirement may be used. The Feed Unit System with the Scandinavian Feeding Standard may easily be substituted. This system would be even more simple and would no doubt give satisfactory results. The Energy Method is used because it is growing in favor in this country at the present time and has given excellent results in practice.
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