From Apostle Andrew to the conclusion of Soviet authority in 1990, Daniel H. Shubin presents the entire history of Christianity in Russia in a 4-volume series. The events, people and places that created the institution of Russian Orthodoxy are presented objectively and intensively. Included in these volumes is research on the many dissenters and sectarian groups that evolved over the centuries, the influence of Catholicism and Protestantism on Russia, and the presence of Judaism. The history covers the higher levels of ecclesiastical activity with the involvement of tsars and prelates, as well as saints and serfs, and monks and mystics. This fourth volume deals with the Russian Orthodox Church during the 20th Century, from the ascension of Tsar Nicholas II in 1894, to Premier Mikhail Gorbachov's Edict of Freedom of Conscience in 1990. Daniel H. Shubin has translated and written several books on Russian history, religion and philosophy.