Pandemic influenza is a re-emerging pathogen with serious public health consequences. The A(H1N1) pandemic in 2009/10 and the continuing threat to humans from avian influenza A(H5N1) and other novel influenza viruses have both underlined the importance of preparedness at local, national and international levels. With a strong emphasis on practicality, this book offers comprehensive coverage of the science and operational application of influenza epidemiology, virology and immunology, vaccinology, pharmaceutical and public health measures, biomathematical modelling, policy issues and ethics involved in preparing for and responding to pandemic influenza. Each chapter raises key questions and answers them in clear and concise sections, detailing relevant modelling studies and further reading. Comprehensively updated to incorporate major lessons from the 2009/10 pandemic, this second edition includes new contributions on surveillance, International Health Regulations, clinical management and local health service responses, illustrated with vibrant international case studies. Written in an easily accessible style by global experts, this is an essential text for students of public health and those involved in local, national and international pandemic preparedness and response.Genetic epidemiology plays a key role in discovering genetic factors influencing health and disease, and in understanding how genes and environmental risk factors interact. There is growing interest in this field within public health, with the goal of translating the results into promoting health and preventing disease in both families and populations. This textbook provides graduate students with a working knowledge of genetic epidemiology research methods. Following an overview of the field, the book reviews key genetic concepts, provides an update on relevant genomic technology, including genome-wide chips and DNA sequencing, and describes methods for assessing the magnitude of genetic influences on diseases and risk factors. The book focuses on research study designs for discovering disease susceptibility genes, including family-based linkage analysis, candidate gene and genome-side association studies, assessing gene-environment interactions and epistasis, studies of Non-Mendelian inheritance, and statistical analyses of data from these studies. Specific applications of each research method are illustrated using a variety of diseases and risk factors relevant to public health, and useful web-based genetic analysis software, human reference panels, and repositories, that can greatly facilitate this work, are described. Concluding with a review of ethical issues and a framework for translating human genomics research to clinical practice and public health benefit, this textbook is an essential new resource for graduate students in epidemiology and public health genetics.
Comprehensively updated to incorporate major lessons from the 2009/10 pandemic, this accessible new edition includes new contributions from global experts on surveillance, the International Health Regulations, clinical management and local health service responses, illustrated with vibrant international case studies.Following an overview of the field, this textbook reviews key genetic concepts, provides an update on relevant genomic technology, and describes methods for assessing the magnitude o
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