Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals: Volume 1: Biological Processes presents advanced and combined techniques that can be used to convert waste to energy, including combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation. The book focuses on solid waste conversion to fuel and energy and presents the latest advances in the design, manufacture, and application of conversion technologies. Contributors from the fields of physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and manufacturing present a truly trans-disciplinary picture of the field. Chapters cover important aspects surrounding the conversion of solid waste into fuel and chemicals, describing how valuable energy can be recouped from various waste materials. As huge volumes of solid waste are produced globally while huge amounts of energy are produced from fossil fuels, the technologies described in this comprehensive book provide the information necessary to pursue clean, sustainable power from waste material.Advances in Aggregation Induced Emission Materials in Biosensing and Imaging for Biomedical Applications - Part B Volume 185, presents many aspects of AIE materials that can help future investigators, researchers, students and stakeholders perform research with ease. Fluorescence-based monitoring and diagnosis platforms furnish extensive insight into the molecular mechanisms of cellular processes and precisely guiding therapeutics. Traditional/conventional fluorophores are exhibiting high emission in the solution state and losses their emission on aggregation and solid forms. Loss of emission at aggregation and solid forms limits conventional fluorophores utilization in monitoring and diagnosis of biological processes. The AIE molecular system emerged as an alternative sophisticated platform to over the limitations of conventional organic/inorganic fluorophores. This volume offers various topics, including tissue & protein fibrils imaging by AIE active molecules; theranostic and photodynamic therapy applications of AIE materials for cancer cell treatment; AIE active polymers and MOF materials for biological applications.Advanced Organic Waste Management: Sustainable Practices and Approaches provides an integrated holistic approach to the challenges associated with organic waste management, particularly related to sustainability, lifecycle assessment, emerging regulations, and novel approaches for resource and energy recovery. In addition to traditional techniques, such as anaerobic digestion, composting, innovative and emerging techniques of waste recycling like hydrothermal carbonization and vermicomposting are included. The book combines the fundamentals and practices of sustainable organic waste management with successful case studies from developed and developing countries, highlighting practical applications and challenges. Sections cover global organic waste generation, encompassing sources and types, composition and characteristics, focus on technical aspects related to various resource recovery techniques like composting and vermicomposting, cover various waste-to-energy technologies, illustrate various environmental management tools for organic waste, present innovative organic waste management practices and strategies complemented by detailed case studies, introduce the circular bioeconomy approach, and more.The introduction of the Fortran 90 standard is the first significant change in the Fortran language in over 20 years. this book is designed for anyone wanting to learn Fortran for the first time or or a programmer who needs to upgrade from Fortran 77 to Fortran 90.Employing a practical, problem-based approach this book provides a comprehensive introduction to the language. More experienced programmers will find it a useful update to the new standard and will benefit from the emphasis on science and engineering applications.
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