Excerpt from Excursion Planned for the City History Club of New York
The history of Hempstead and Jamaica was uneventful during the Dutch rule, but in Flushing and in Middelburg there was considerable dis satisfaction, the people oi the latter place going so far as to attempt... to put themselves under the jurisdiction of Connecticut and to alter the name of their town to Hastings in 1663. After the surrender to the English in 1664, these towns were organized for the purposes of civil administration into what was known as the West of (in analogy to the civil divisions bearing the same name in Yorkshire, England), with a Ses sions House for judicial and administrative business at Jamaica The names of the towns were now changed, but Heemstede being so similar in form to the English town of Hempstead, and Vlissingen being so well known to the English under the name of Flushing, these forms were retained, while Rustdorp reverted to its Indian nameof Jamaica, and Mid delburg received the name of Newtown, together with a patent in 1667 by which the former Out Plantations were added to it. In 1683 these towns, together with the eastern town of Oyster Bay, were united to form the County of Queens with its court house and other county buildings at Jamaica. This organization remained undisturbed until after the Revolu tion. In 1814 Jamaica, then with a population of 1500, became an incor porated village, as did Flushing in 1837, with a population of about 2000. Soon after the introduction of steam navigation, and as early as 1811, Astoria began to attract attention as a place of suburban residence and in 1839 it was incorporated as a village. About 1853 - 4 Whitestone (formerly a mere hamlet) began to grow from the establishment there of a factory of tinned and japanned ware, while College Point owed its growth asavillage at about the same time to the setting up of a factory of hard rubber ware, though it was not incorporated until 1880.
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