Excerpt from Central American Hieroglyphic Writing
Passing on to S 10, T 10, we find another date, the glyph S 10, being the symbol for the day 11 Lamat, and glyph T 10, the symbol for the month Xul with the numeral character for 6 at the left. For the days mentioned referenc... e can be made to fig. 5 and for the months to fig. 4. However, for the illustration the names of the days and the months are not essential, but are added here to avoid using blanks. It will be observed that above and below the little dot in the numeral characters at the side of each of these glyphs is a little semicircle or crescent. These, which might be mistaken for number dots, have no significance, but are used to fill out the space or to guard the dot.
To be able to say that certain glyphs denote days, others months, and others numbers is one step in the process of decipherment, but the step is] a comparatively short one unless their relation to one another and the object of their introduction into the inscription can be ascertained. This relation has been determined in part through inter mediate n'umber series. For example, by passing on to glyphs S 12 and T 12, we find the number series 9 days, 3 chuchs (or units of the second order), and 13 ahaus (or units of the third order) - or 13 - 3 - 9 which, reduced to the lowest denomination, gives days. Count ing this number of days, according to the Mayan calendar, from 13 Lamat, 6 Xul, the date given in S 10, T 10, and mentioned above, we reach the date 2 Caban, 10 Xul, which is the date given two lines below at S 14 and T 14. That is to say, the number in the numeral series is the exact time included between the immediately preceding and the immediately following date. This is proof positive that there is a connection between the date at S 10 and T 10 and that at S 14, T 14. Nor does the connection series end here. Glyph S 15 is a short-number series of 123 days which connects the date 2 Caban, 10 Xul, of glyphs S 14, T 14, with the date 1 Ahau, 3 Zip of glyphs T 17 and U 1; or, omitting names, it. Connects the last preceding with the next following date.
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