Excerpt from Babyloniaca, Vol. 2: Etudes De Philologie Assyro-Babylonienne, Publiées Avec Le Concours De Maximilian Streck (Würzburg) Et Stephen Landon (Oxford); Avec Six Planches Hors Texte
The tablets come from the mound (or mounds) of Kara - Byuk and gyul-tepe, 23 kilomete... rs north - east of Kaisariyeh. The mound obtains its name of Black Ruin from the traces of fire which are everywhere visible in it and bear witness to its fate. The construe tion of its walls, which are of brick, as well as the pottery found in it, mark it off from the ruins of the Hittite cities in the vicinity.
The forms of the characters and the proper names found in the tablets belong to the era of Hammurabi. Like the institution of limmi, however, the proper names also make it clear that the city was an Assyrlan, not a Babylonian, colony, though it was probably founded when Assyria was still a province of Babylonia. It was, in fact, the last outpost of Assyria in the north-west, at the end of the military road which led along the valleys of the Euphrates and Tokhma-su to the metal - bearing districts of Asia Minor. From this region Copper was exported at an early period to Assvria and Babylonia, and it is probable that it was through this channel that the Assyrians derived their knowledge of bronze. The tablets show that lead also formed an article of export.
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