Applications of Synchrotron Light to Scattering and Diffraction in Materials and Life Sciences

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indgår i serie LECTURE NOTES IN PHYSICS


Applications of Synchrotron Light to Scattering and Diffraction in Materials and Life Sciences
  • Leveringstid 2-4 uger
  • Forventet levering 19-12-2019
Format:
Bog, paperback
Udgivelsesdato:
22-10-2010
Sprog:
Engelsk
Udgave:
Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2009.
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In a ?rst approximation, certainly rough, one can de?ne as non-crystalline materials those which are neither single-crystals nor poly-crystals. Within this category, we canincludedisorderedsolids,softcondensed matter,andlivesystemsamong others. Contrary to crystals, non-crystalline materials have in common that their intrinsic structures cannot be exclusively described by a discrete and periodical function but by a continuous function with short range of order. Structurally these systems have in common the relevance of length scales between those de?ned by the atomic and the macroscopic scale. In a simple ?uid, for example, mobile molecules may freely exchange their positions, so that their new positions are permutations of their old ones. By contrast, in a complex ?uid large groups of molecules may be interc- nected so that the permutation freedom within the group is lost, while the p- mutation between the groups is possible. In this case, the dominant characteristic length, which may de?ne the properties of the system, is not the molecular size but that of the groups. A central aspect of some non-crystalline materials is that they may self-organize. This is of particular importance for Soft-matter materials. Self-organization is characterized by the spontaneous creation of regular structures at different length scales which may exhibit a certain hierarchy that controls the properties of the system. X-ray scattering and diffraction have been for more than a hundred years an essential technique to characterize the structure of materials. Quite often scattering anddiffractionphenomenaexhibitedbynon-crystallinematerialshavebeenreferred to as non-crystalline diffraction.

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Udgivelsesdato:
22-10-2010
ISBN13:
9783642101106
Vægt:
572 g
Dybde:
17 mm
Bredde:
155 mm
Højde:
235 mm
Nummer i serien:
776
Nummer i serien:
776
Format:
Paperback
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    This volume originates from the deeply felt need in the community to bridge the gap between beamline manuals and advanced graduate textbooks. Soft condensed matter and biomaterials, as well as complex fluids, are typical of the materials considered here. 1 Paperback / softback 8 Tables, black and white; 20 Illustrations, color; 157 Illustrations, black and white; XVI, 318 p. 177 illus., 20 illus. in color.

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