Excerpt from An Address Before the New England Historic-Genealogical Society: In the Hall of the House of Representatives of Massachusetts, Tuesday, Sept. 13th, 1859; The Hundredth Anniversary of the Death of Major General James Wolfe, With Passages Omitted in the Delivery, and Illust... rative Notes and Documents
Twenty four years elapsed, when Cromwell, insisting that N 0 va Scotia rightfully belonged to England, took possession of it, and founded a colony. After the restoration of? The Stuarts, however, and by the treaty of Breda, it passed a second time to France, to the great displeasure of the North, and especially of Massachusetts. Neither lines nor limits were mentioned: and collisions, reprisals, and fierce quarrels were renewed. The convention of London, in 1686, confirmed the two powers in the possession of the American colonies held at the beginning of hostilities, but with boundaries as unsettled as ever before. Sagacious men in New England had now become convinced, that the entire expulsion of the French was the only measure to ensure peace: and they endeavored to enlist the sympathy and co-operation of the mother country. The war between France and England, which followed the accession of William and Mary, was barely proclaimed in Boston, when the General Court prepared to conquer Nova Scotia and Canada. The ex pedition against the first was successful: but the enterprise in the St. Lawrence was disastrous. At the peace Of Ryswick, mutual restitution was stipulated: and N ew England was deep ly wronged. In the first year of the reign of Queen Anne, the two nations were again involved in war. The people of the Northern Colonies needed no solicitations to engage heartily in the contest. They attempted to recover Nova Scotia: equipped a ¿eet at Boston: but failed to accomplish their object. With the promise of ships from England, they renewed their efforts, three years later; but were again unsuccessful. At last, in 1710, Nova Scotia became an English colony. Its reduction was a duty assumed by the ministry, but, in truth, it was ao complished principally by colonists and colonial resources. Of the force assembled at Boston, six ships and a corps of marines were, indeed, sent from England; but the remainder, thirty vessels and four regiments, were furnished by the four N orth ern colonies.
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